Friday, June 22, 2012

Nepal-Tibet-China Relations

             Nepal-Tibet-China Relations :-
From time immemorial past there had been Nepal’s relationship with Tibet and Chinese great saint called Maha Manjushrti ame to visit the beautiful lake of the Kathmandu valley and he cut down its southern verge. He brought out all the water and made the place worth-living. In the Lichhavi period Amsubarma gave his daughter bhrikutee to marry with
Tshrong-tien-Gampoo, an augustus Tibetan ruler. During medieval period A-Ni-Ko (balbahu) led a group of artist (architects and sculptors) to the Chinese emperor. During the reign of Mallas there had been a ferocious battle between Nepal and Tibet in which the Tibetan army becoming incapable to fight had surrendered with the Nepalese commander Kaji bhim Malla.

In 1788-89 Nepal-Tibet war took place due to the mercantile problem and to new numismatic dispute. In1791-92 Nepal-tibet-China war was fought in which the adversaries got defeat in Vetrabati. In 1854-56 Nepal-tibet and China war took place. In this war Nepal got victory on Tibet. From the time of 1792 a quinquennical mission was going to China. It was continued till 1908.
 In 1956 friendly relation was established between Nepal and China with the Nepalese Prime Minister Tanka Prasad Acharfya’s visit there. On the occasion China gave donation of six crore rupees for the development of Nepal. On the principle of Pachsheel both the cojntries expressed their conviction and good faith on each other. Due to the friendly visit by the political leaders of the both sides cultural relations also developed and expanded.

In 1959 the Nepalese Prime Minister Bishweshwar Prasad Koiral made friendly visit to China and signed on an agreement to establish the Chinese embassy in Kathmandu and the Nepalese embassy in Peking. Both of them decided to demarcate boundary scientifically with their joint committee. In order to maintain peace and tranquility at the border both of the countries accepted to0 fix non-military zone twenty kilometers far from their distance. China accepted to help Nepal giving 14 crore of Rupees.

In 1960 a dispute on the case of Mt. Everest and its terrestrial Ownership arose between the two. At last the Chinese authorities accepted Nepalese Ownership to its southern face.
On 28th june 1960 a contingent of the Chinese army trespassing the boundary of Nepal in Mustang and killing a Nepalese policeman chase some cows and captured them. The government of Nepal opposed this trespassing and aggression to China. On this case the Chinese government begging pardon with Nepal gave compensation to the bereaved family.

In 1960 the Chinese government gave approval to the political change that happened in Nepal. In 19961 King Mahendra visited china and made a treaty of boundary between the two countries and signed on document of constructing of High way.

During Indo-China war of 1962 (2019 B.S.) Nepal remained quit neutral and expressed her view to settle their boarder dispute in a peaceful manner.
Nepal has been raising voice for the entry of china in the U.N.O. in the international conferences.

In 1974 (2031 B.S.) China approved ‘Place Zone Proposal’ put forward by His Majesty King birendra.
At the invitation of Hwang-Ko-Feng the president of the standing committee of Chinese National Peoples Congress His Majesty King birendra visited Senchuwa Province of China and other Provinces of Tibet. In 1977 (2034 B.S.) teng-Siao-Ping, the vice-premier of China came to Nepal on four days visit. With such relation between the two countries became more firm and stable than the previous days.

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